Technology Blog

Look deep into latest news and innovations happening in the Tech industry with our highly informational blog.

What is new in Node.js 20?


Unleashing the Power of Node 20: Embracing the Future of JavaScript Development

In the realm of server-side JavaScript, Node.js has become a dominant force, revolutionizing the way we build web applications. With each new version, Node.js brings forth exciting enhancements, improved performance, and expanded capabilities. In this blog, we’ll embark on a journey through the evolution of Node.js, exploring the advancements that have led to the highly anticipated Node 20. We’ll delve into the key features of Node 20 and showcase an example that demonstrates its potential.

From Past to Present: The Evolution of Node.js

Since its initial release in 2009, Node.js has evolved significantly, shaping the landscape of JavaScript development. The first versions of Node.js introduced a non-blocking, event-driven architecture, enabling developers to build highly scalable and efficient applications. With its growing popularity, Node.js gained a vibrant ecosystem of modules and libraries, making it a versatile platform for both back-end and full-stack development.

As Node.js progressed, new features were introduced to enhance performance, security, and developer productivity. For instance, Node.js 8 introduced the Long-Term Support (LTS) release, which provided stability and backward compatibility. Node.js 10 brought improvements in error handling and diagnostic reports, making it easier to identify and resolve issues. Node.js 12 introduced enhanced default heap limits and improved performance metrics.

Introducing Node 20: A Leap Forward in JavaScript Development

Now, let’s turn our attention to Node 20, the latest iteration of Node.js, and explore its groundbreaking features that are set to shape the future of JavaScript development.

– Improved Performance and Speed:
– Enhanced Security:
– Improved Debugging Capabilities:
– ECMAScript Modules (ESM) Support:
– Enhanced Worker Threads:
– Stable Test Runner
– url.parse() Warns URLs With Ports That Are Not Numbers

Let’s explore what they are and how to use them.

1. Improved Performance and Speed

– Node.js 20 incorporates the latest advancements in the V8 JavaScript engine, resulting in significant performance improvements. Let’s take a look at an example:

// File: server.js
const http = require('http');

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' });
res.end('Hello, world!');

server.listen(3000, () => {
console.log('Server running on port 3000');

By leveraging the performance optimizations in Node.js 20, applications like the one above experience reduced response times and enhanced scalability, resulting in an improved user experience.

2. Enhanced Security

Security is a top priority for any application, and Node.js 20 introduces several features to bolster its security. One noteworthy enhancement is the upgraded TLS implementation, ensuring secure communication between servers and clients. Here’s an example of using TLS in Node.js 20:

// File: server.js
const https = require('https');
const fs = require('fs');

const options = {
key: fs.readFileSync('private.key'),
cert: fs.readFileSync('certificate.crt')

const server = https.createServer(options, (req, res) => {
res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' });
res.end('Secure Hello, world!');

server.listen(3000, () => {
console.log('Server running on port 3000');

With the upgraded TLS implementation, Node.js 20 ensures secure data transmission, safeguarding sensitive information.

3. Improved Debugging Capabilities

Node.js 20 introduces enhanced diagnostic and debugging capabilities, empowering developers to pinpoint and resolve issues more effectively. Consider the following example:

// File: server.js
const { performance, PerformanceObserver } = require('perf_hooks');

const obs = new PerformanceObserver((items) => {
obs.observe({ entryTypes: ['measure'] });


// ... Code to be measured ...

performance.measure('Duration', 'start', 'end');

In this example, the Performance API allows developers to measure the execution time of specific code sections, enabling efficient optimization and debugging.

4. ECMAScript Modules (ESM) Support

Node.js 20 embraces ECMAScript Modules (ESM), providing a standardized approach to organize and reuse JavaScript code. Let’s take a look at an example:

// File: module.js
export function greet(name) {
return `Hello, ${name}!`;

// File: app.js
import { greet } from './module.js';


With ESM support, developers can now leverage the benefits of code encapsulation and organization in Node.js, facilitating better code reuse and maintenance.

5. Enhanced Worker Threads

Node.js 20 introduces improved worker threads, enabling true multi-threading capabilities within a Node.js application. Consider the following example:

// File: worker.js
const { Worker, isMainThread, parentPort, workerData } = require('worker_threads');

if (isMainThread) {
const worker = new Worker(__filename, { workerData: 'Hello, worker!' });
worker.on('message', message => console.log(message));
} else {

In this example, the main thread creates a worker thread that receives data and sends a message back. With enhanced worker threads, Node.js 20 empowers developers to harness the full potential of multi-core processors, improving application performance.

6. Stable Test Runner

Node.js 20 includes an important change to the test_runner module. The module has been marked as stable after a recent update. Previously, the test_runner module was experimental, but this change marks it as a stable module ready for production use.

7. url.parse() Warns URLs With Ports That Are Not Numbers

url.parse() accepts URLs with ports that are not numbers. This behavior might result in hostname spoofing with unexpected input. These URLs will throw an error in future versions of Node.js, as the WHATWG URL API already does. Starting with Node.js 20, these URLS cause url.parse() to emit a warning.

Here is urlParse.js:

const url = require('node:url');
url.parse(''); // no warning
url.parse(''); // show warning

Execute node urlParse.js . with a numerical port does not show a warning, but with a string port shows a warning.

% node urlParse.js
(node:21534) [DEP0170] DeprecationWarning: The URL is invalid. Future versions of Node.js will throw an error.
(Use `node --trace-deprecation ...` to show where the warning was created)


Node.js 20 brings a plethora of innovative features and enhancements that revolutionize the way developers build applications. Improved performance, enhanced security, advanced debugging capabilities, ECMAScript Modules support, and enhanced worker threads open up new possibilities for creating scalable, secure, and high-performing applications. By leveraging these cutting-edge features, developers can stay at the forefront of modern web development and deliver exceptional user experiences. Upgrade to Node.js 20 today and unlock a new era of JavaScript development!

For more information and to develop web applications using Node JS, Hire Node Developer from us as we give you a high-quality product by utilizing all the latest tools and advanced technology. E-mail us any clock at – or Skype us: “hkinfosoft”.

To develop your custom web app using Node JS, please visit our technology page.

Content Source: